The warm, humid subtropical climate of central Florida provides ideal year-round habitat for Florida water rats. They thrive in freshwater wetlands, ponds, lakes, slow-moving streams and rivers, canals, stormwater retention basins, and other aquatic environments with abundant vegetation.
Emergent marsh plants like bulrushes, cattails, pickerelweed, arrowhead, and coastal maidencane grow densely along shorelines, providing food and shelter. Flooded swamps and riparian woodlands also harbor Florida water rat populations. Even small ponds, irrigation ditches, and canals in urban areas allow them to flourish.
The combination of warm weather, abundant water, and dense shoreline vegetation allows Florida water rats to thrive across central Florida’s diverse aquatic ecosystems.