While armadillos themselves are not aggressive, they can transmit diseases to humans through contact. Their scaly skin and habit of burrowing leaves them exposed to bacteria, fungi, and parasites, including leprosy. If you handle or come into contact with an armadillo, be sure to wear gloves and thoroughly wash your hands afterwards.
Armadillo droppings can also spread disease if ingested. The feces often contain worm larvae and Salmonella bacteria. Avoid areas where armadillos frequently defecate, like around burrows. If cleaning armadillo scat, protect yourself with a face mask and gloves. Promptly wash hands and disinfect any surfaces exposed to feces.
Armadillos also carry ticks, which can latch onto humans and transmit illnesses like Lyme disease. Carefully check for ticks after being around armadillos and remove any found ticks promptly with tweezers. While armadillos themselves are mild-mannered creatures, use caution and protect yourself when interacting with them or their environments